Solomon Thomas


Born: Covington, KY – 23 Feb 1826

Died: Winner, SD – 21 Jun 1916

Father: Ephraim Balem Thomas

Mother: Sarah Mathena Edwards Thomas

Spouse: Martha Ann Clark Thomas

Great Great Grandfather Solomon Scott Thomas


A great deal of the information regarding Solomon Scott Thomas comes from two sources. I greatly appreciate the hard work and efforts of Mabel Dodele and Lisa Kremer for uncovering the stories and putting them into print.

A Trace of Thomas” - First Edition, 1992 - was compiled by Lisa Kremer, a great-great granddaughter of Solomon Scott Thomas.

 The Thomas Family History” by Mabel M. Dodele. Publisher M.M. Dodele, 1984. Mabel Thomas Dodele’s 4th great grandfather was Phineas Thomas, born in Wales in 1739, the great-great grandfather of Solomon Scott Thomas. 

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Solomon Scott Thomas was born in the vicinity of Covington, Campbell County Kentucky on February 26, 1827. Covington is on the west bank of the Licking River and south of the Ohio River and directly across the Ohio River from Cincinnati.

At the top/center of the map below shows the counties of very northern Kentucky during the time years 1806 to 1840. Campbell County and Boone County are directly across the Ohio River from modern day Cincinnati. The Licking River runs into the Ohio River at Cincinatti Ohio and Covington Kentucky is on the west bank of the Licking River. Covington was in Campbell County until 1840 when Kenton County was carved out of the center of Boone and Campbell Counties. Then Covington became the county seat of Kenton County. 

Boone and Cambell Counties


In her book, “The Thomas Family History”, Lisa Kremer writes:

“The second child and oldest son of Ephraim & ‘Sally’ Thomas, Solomon was born February 26, 1827. (Some records seem to indicate that his birth year was 1826, but it seems more likely that he was born in 1827)”

Lisa does not explain her preference for 1827 over 1826 and most likely we will never have a definitive answer. I have chosen to go with 1827 mainly because several census records point to the 1827 date. His obituary states that his birthday was Feb 26, 1826. As I said, we will probably never know but it seems clear he was born in February in either 1826 or 1827. When Solomon was born his father, Ephraim Balem Thomas, was 21 and his mother, Sarah was 22 years old.

Lisa Kremer also wrote:

“when Solomon was about 4 years old, his family moved to Clinton County, Indiana, where Solomon was raised. Solomon was married to Martha Ann Clarke on July 21, 1848 in Clinton County. Martha was born March 4, 1832 in Indiana. Solomon and Martha's first 3 children, Andrew Jackson, Nancy Ellen and Moses Kitchell were all born in Indiana. Sometime between April of 1855 and June of 1857, the family moved to Wisconsin. (Other relatives had migrated there as well) Solomon and family weren't found on the 1860 Wisconsin census, but it seems a certainty that they were there, other sources indicate that the rest of their children were born near West Lima, Wisconsin.

Martha Ann Clark was born March 4, 1832 in Indiana, most likely in Fayette County. Her father Jeremiah Clark was age 38 and mother, Catharine Kitchel, age 30. Her father Jeremiah Clark died in 1841 and in 1845 her mother moved the family to Johnson Township in Clinton County Indiana. 

It was in Clinton County that Martha met Solomon Scott Thomas and they were married in 1848. Solomon was 21 years old and Martha Ann Clark was only 16 years old assuming a birthdate of March 4, 1832. Some records have her born in 1833 but regardless she was quite young. 

MARRIAGE: Record found in Indiana Marriage Records

Indiana Marriage Collection, 1800-1941 

Name: Solomon S. Thomas 

Spouse Name: Martha Ann Clarke 

Marriage Date: 21 Jul 1848 

Marriage County: Clinton 

Book: Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT 

OS Page: 1266732 - 1266733 

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Solomon and Martha had 12 children together:

Andrew Jackson, born 18 Jul 1849 in Indiana - died 27 Sep 1878 in Wisconsin

Nancy Ellen, born 14 Mar 1851 in Indiana - died 7 Dec 1945 in Washington

Thomas, born 17 Aug 1853 in Indiana - died 17 Aug 1853 in Indiana

Moses Kitchel, born 15 Apr 1855 in Indiana - died 11 Dec 1929 in Wisconsin

Francis Marion, born 2 Jun 1857 in Wisconsin - died 22 Jul 1951 in Montana

William Clinton, my great grandfather, born 23 Apr 1859 in Wisconsin - died 14 Nov 1943 in California

Sarah Catherine, born 17 Jun 1861 in Wisconsin - died 1864 in Wisconsin

George Benjamin, born 11 Jan 1863 in Wisconsin - died 19 Jun 1949, South Dakota

Samantha Everett, born 27 May 1865 in Wisconsin - died 28 Oct 1945 in Canada

Thomas Monroe, born 18 Mar 1868 in Wisconsin - died 19 Jan 1934 in South Dakota

Martha Emaline, born 4 Jan 1870 in Wisconsin - died 6 Jun 1949 in California

Solomon Winename, born 24 Mar 1872 in Wisconsin - died 16 May 1953 in South Dakota

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Sometime, probably late in 1854, Solomon and Martha Thomas and their family moved to West Lima, Wisconsin. The obituary for Moses Kitchel Thomas claims they moved to West Lima when he was 6 months old and his brother Francis Marion was born in West Lima, Wisconsin in 1857 and William Clinton was born in West Lima in 1859. There were several members of the Thomas family living in Richland County Wisconsin in the late 1850’s and 1860’s. The 1860 census for Forest Township, Richland County, Wisconsin included Solomon’s parents, Ephraim and Sally on page 7, brother Charles on page 6, sisters Margaret Barnett, Nancy Hopkins and Susan Hopkins all on page 7.

Our Solomon Scott Thomas was not to be found in the 1860 census for Richland County. There was a Solomon Thomas and wife Fanny with several children listed but this is not our Thomas line. The confusion about Solomon's wife and children was cleared up by Lisa KREMER of Iona, Minnesota, a descendant. She found that there were two men named Solomon Thomas and apparently the Solomon Thomas listed on the 1860 census was not Solomon Scott Thomas.

Solomon Scott Thomas is known to have purchased 40 acres of land in Richland County, Wisconsin on April 2, 1860 and is listed on the 1860 Agricultural Census of Forest, Richland County, Wisconsin as follows:

1860 Agricultural Census of Forest, Richland County, Wisconsin

SOLOMON THOMAS

10a Improved Land. 30a Unimproved Land

Cash value of Farm $400

Value of Farming Implements and Machinery $15

1 Milch Cow

1 Working Oxen

2 Swine

Value of Live Stock $90

45 Bushel Indian Corn

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Now back to Lisa’s (KREMER) history:

"At this point let me talk a little about the area in Wisconsin where the Thomas’s lived. We made a trip there during the winter, and I found it very charming and picturesque, with small farms set between the rolling, snow-covered hills. The landscape was very reminiscent of the area around Covington, KY, where I also visited some years ago. Unfortunately before I was interested in genealogy research! The people in that area of Wisconsin refer to the valleys in which live as hollows. The towns are small and quaint, the people very friendly.”

"Solomon Scott joined the Army on Oct. 26, 1864. He was mustered in on that date in Stark Township, Vernon County, WI. Information obtained in military record books indicates he was drafted. He joined the 32nd Wisconsin Infantry, (Company D) and joined his unit on November 10, 1864. At this time his unit was probably in or near Atlanta, because this was during the time that Sherman's army had sieged the city, and Atlanta was burned. His military records coincide with family stories.”

According to his obituary “He served about 1 year and was with Sherman in his famous march to the sea. After the war he returned to Wisconsin and resumed his occupation of farmer/preacher, being an ordained minister of the Baptist church.”

Back to Lisa Kremer – “I had always been told that Solomon was a medic. His descriptive roll gives us an indication of what Solomon was like physically. He was 5’7" tall, with blue eyes, brown hair, and a dark complexion. He was a farmer. His military service was not without incident. According to pension records filed later in his life, he suffered from sunstroke in May of 1865. 

The following description of that condition was given in an affidavit by Otis B. Depee, a bunkmate of Solomon:

"Solomon ‘was sick and dizzy and not able to march with the command and complained at the time of having been sun struck, and I know he was sent down the James River on a transport while the rest of the company marched on foot, because he was not able to march. He was hardly able to get around and was excused from duty and complained of a pain in his head and nervous prostration which continued to afflict him as long as I knew him in the service, and I remember that he was dizzy frequently afterwards and fell away in flesh about one-third, and he complained that his trouble was due to sun stroke.

I was intimately acquainted with the claimant from the date of his discharge from service, July, 1865, up to the year AD 1871. I saw him frequently during this time, as often as once and sometimes twice a month, and had good opportunity to know and observe his health and condition and know that he came out of service home suffering with pain in his head, headache, nervous prostration, and pain in his left side. That during the time I knew the claimant after his discharge as above stated, he was, in my opinion, over three fourths disabled for manual labor by reason of the disease as above described; resulting from sun stroke received in service. My knowledge of the foregoing statement is guessed from hearing the man complain, and from seeing him suffer.

I was personally acquainted with Comrade Solomon THOMAS before he went into the Army, and believe he was a man of sound health. I saw Comrade Solomon THOMAS last in May 1888, and found there had been a great change for the worse since I had last seen him before in the spring of 1871."

He was mustered out on 12 June 1865 in Washington, D.C.”

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I have read that Solomon was an ordained Baptist Minister after he returned home and may have been a Minister before the war and it doesn’t really affect his story unless he actually had some religious revelation during the war that caused him to pick up the Bible and start preaching. Perhaps the Baptists have records showing when he was ordained. Either way, he returned home in June 1865.

Solomon and Martha farmed and raised kids in Wisconsin for the following seven peaceful years. Their last child was born March 24th, 1872 in West Lima, Wisconsin. Martha Ann died two days later of complications from the birth.

Lisa Kremer wrote this excerpt:

“Martha died in 1872. We know this because Solomon and Martha’s last child Solomon was born on March 24, 1872, and he (re)married in December of that same year. Considering that he remarried in such a brief time, I believe that Martha quite possibly died in childbirth.”

After Martha Ann died, Solomon was left responsible for ten children with eight of them being 13 and under, including the baby less than 1 week old.

In the 1870 Forest Wisconsin census, Delia Farrand is listed as a 37 year-old widow with Adaline, a 9 year old daughter born in Vermont and George W, a 6 year old son born in Wisconsin. And there is also a Lorenzo Curtis age 65, born in New York, living in the same house and listed as a ‘farmer’. Delia is listed as keeping house.

The Solomon and Martha Ann Thomas family and the George and Delia Farrand family were neighbors farming in rural Wisconsin in Richland County during the 1870’s. After Martha Ann and George died Solomon and Delia came together and the reason may simply have been the survival needs of each of them as a man alone with children and a woman alone without a man. They hopefully genuinely liked each other.

In the Dec 19, 1872 Richland County Republican dated Dec. 19, 1872, page 3, is the following marriage:

In Vernon county, December 15th, by Rev H L Rockwell, Elder SS Thomas of Vernon county to Delia Farand of Forest.”

Now back to Lisa Kremer's history:

“Solomon married Delia Julia Ferrand on Dec. 15, 1872. She was evidently a widow also, as on their married record her parents’ last name was listed as CERTIES. It was not uncommon for widows and widowers (especially those with young children) to remarry so quickly in those days. A single man would need someone to care for his children, and a woman would need a man to support her. It may well have been a marriage of common necessity. Their marriage certificate indicates that Solomon was not only a farmer, but was a Baptist minister as well.”

Ten years later in the 1880 Lake County, Dakota Territory census, Lorenzo Curtis is listed as a boarder living with Solomon and Delia and family. My guess would be that Lorenzo Curtis in Delia’s father and that the reference in the excerpt below that her maiden name was Certies is incorrect.

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From “A Trace of Thomas” by Lisa Kremer, Chapter 6:

"The following account of the history of the families of Solomon Scott THOMAS and his son, Francis Marion THOMAS was written by Francis Marion's daughter, Gertrude EMERSON THOMAS in 1960, and was provided to me by her grandson, Greg EMERSON. While Gertrude was in her seventies when this account was written, for the most part her history confirms my research. I am thankful that Gertie left us such a colorful account of her childhood.

In the summer of 1876 three young men set out from their home at West Lima, Wisconsin, with a yoke of oxen. Buck and Bright, to seek their fortunes on the prairies of Dakota Territory. They were Francis Marion THOMAS, his brother Kitchell, a little more than a year older than he, and a cousin of theirs, Alec BOOHER. Alec's mother was a sister of Martha (Mrs. S.S. THOMAS) mother of Marion and Kitchell.

At that time our dad-Marion was barely nineteen years old.

And though the two older members of this pioneering group returned to Wisconsin, Marion stayed on and paved the way for quite a migration of THOMAS's and their families into the land of the Dakotas. As soon as he was old enough he took up a homestead and later a tree claim in what is now Lake County, near Brant Lake.

In 1877 or '78 Marion's father Solomon Scott THOMAS and his second wife, Delia CURTIS FERRAND THOMAS and all their younger children came to settle near the lakes in southeastern Dakota Territory. Solomon's sisters and brother had also migrated to the "West". Some had settled in Iowa, but came on into Dakota later.

When the Thomas family moved to the Madison area in the late 1870’s it was Dakota Territory, and the THOMAS family was among the early settlers in Lake County. In 1870, the area that is now South Dakota had a population of less than 12,000. 

The THOMAS family homesteaded a claim near what is now Chester, SD, in the summer of 1879. The rules to homesteading in South Dakota in those days were: you had to live on your claim for 5 years, and you had to pay a filing payment of around $25.00. Solomon made the final payment on his claim (Lots 1 and 2 and S ½ SW ¼ W10 and NW ¼ NW ¼ S15 T105 NR1 W of P.M. 157. 20a) on July 7, 1884. 

Their claim lay just a half a mile south of Brant Lake, and is in the northwest section. The area suffered an extremely difficult winter in 1881, as documented in the Laura Ingalls Wilder’s book, "THE LONG WINTER." Laura Ingalls and her family homesteaded just some 40 miles to the northwest in DeSmet, South Dakota. There were no trains able to get through from the east that winter and many families were near starvation, with nothing to burn for warmth except for straw. The THOMAS family was also homesteading that winter, so we can imagine the hardships that they endured."

Below is a copy of the final payment receipt for the homestead that I received from the Clark of Court in Lake County, SD. Below that is a local plat map of the land the Thomas family owned in the 1870’s and 1880’s. The Thomas land was just on the south end of Lake Brant.

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Imagine the courageous needed for these young men and women who explored and settled in unknown and dangerous territories. Was it all to have a piece of ground to grow plants and feed and clothe a family and be free answering to no one? Were they simply raising their families and doing their work to the best of their abilities? They cared about their families, neighbors the territory they lived in and their country.

Delia FERAND THOMAS died around 1898. She most likely died and was buried in the Madison, South Dakota area. There are two grave plots belonging to THOMASES of that era in a cemetery near Madison. One belonged to a T. H. (Possibly T. M.?) and the other to an F. M. THOMAS (Francis Marion). The address given for the THOMAS families owning these plots makes me certain it was our family. They listed their address as Glenham, South Dakota, which is where our Thomas family were living.

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Solomon moved to Glenham, South Dakota, probably in the early months of 1900. He was listed on the census taken there on June 7, 1900. He farmed, as did an interesting neighbor of his, an Ellen R. WATSON. Solomon married her a week after that census was taken, on June 14, 1900. We know that Ellen died about ten years later.

Sometime between May 22, 1912, and June 1916, Solomon moved to Carter South Dakota and apparently lived with his son, Thomas Marion Thomas. It was there that he died on June 21, 1916. He lived to the ripe old age of 90. He was buried in Winner, South Dakota.

The cause of death was listed as ‘retention of urine.’ He left an estate of $90.00, not even enough to cover half the costs of his final medical bills and burial expenses. The bill for his burial expenses included $90 for Dr., $25 for coffin, $5 for driving, $15 for grave lot, and $6.75 for miscellaneous, totaling $191.75.

THE END

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Miscellaneous information, obituaries and military data follow:

Solomon S. Thomas' mother (Sarah Mathena Edwards) supposedly had 2 sisters who were married to famous people, one to Gen. Winfield Scott and the other to Jefferson Davis."

Sarah Mathena Edwards sisters:

Nancy G b 1806, d 1875, may have married Solomon Bale and had 11 kids

Ann G b 1807, married Edward Thornberry 1826, d 1840

Rebecca b 1810, married James Ware 1832, he died 1838

Married Alfred Orr 1839, d 1896

Lucy b 1823, married James Fear 1848, d 1893

But this does not seem likely:

Gen Winfield Scott:

1st wife - Lucy Baker, b 1795 New Orleans, LA, m. 1812, d 1816, one son John Baker Scott b 2 Feb 1816

2nd wife - Maria D Mayo, b 1786, died 1866

Married Maria D Mayo in 1817, d 1862, four daughters, two sons

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Jefferson Davis:

1st wife – Sarah Taylor, b 1814, Vincennes Indiana, d 1835 daughter of Gen Zachary Taylor 12th US President

she died at the age of 21 of malaria, no kids

2nd wife – Varina Howell b 1826, Louisiana, 

daughter of William B Howell and Margaret Kempe

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From "A TRACE OF THOMAS, by Mabel Dodele, 1998" - Larry Miller found deeds in Lake County that show that Delia THOMAS (aka Delia FARRAND) bought 40 acres, SE ¼ NE ¼ T12 R21 S3, on 31 July 1865 and on 30 September 1881 Delia FARRAND and her husband S. S. THOMAS sold it to Moses Kitchel Thomas (Bk. 19, p. 96). This property adjoined to the west the 40 acres of Uriah THOMAS.

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CENSUS: 1880

Name: Soloman THOMAS

Age: 54

Estimated birth year: <1826>

Birthplace: Kentucky

Occupation: Farmer

Relation: Self

Home in 1880: Lake, Dakota Territory

Marital status: Married

Race: White

Gender: Male

Head of household: Soloman THOMAS

Father's birthplace: KY

Mother's birthplace: KY

Image Source: Year: 1880; Census Place: , Lake, Dakota Territory; Roll: T9_113; Family History Film: 1254113; Page: 165D; Enumeration District: ; Image: .

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South Dakota Census, 1870-90

Personal Information

Name: SOLOMON S. THOMAS

State: SD

County: Lake County

Township: District No. 98

Year: 1885

Record Type: Federal Population Schedule

Page: 050

Database: SD 1885 Federal Census Index

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The following obituary was copied from the Carter News of Carter, SD dated Friday, June 30, 1916.

"Solomon S Thomas was born February 26, 1826 near Covington, Kentucky and died at the home of his son T M Thomas near Carter, in Todd County, South Dakota on Wednesday, June 21, 1916 aged 90 years, 3 months, and 26 days. 

As a boy, Mr Thomas moved with his parents to Indiana when he was four years old, settling on a farm near Indianapolis. It was there in 1848 at the age of 22 he married Martha Clark shortly after meeting her in Richland County Wisconsin. 

During the civil war he enlisted in the Co D, 32nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He served about one year and was with Sherman on his famous march from Atlanta to the sea. After the war he returned to Wisconsin and resumed his occupation of farmer and preacher being an ordained minister of the Baptist church. 

On March 26, 1871, his wife died, leaving a large family.

Mr. Thomas moved to South Dakota in July 1876 settling on a homestead in Lake County, 13 miles southeast of Madison. He organized the first church and Sunday School in Lake County in that year and acted as pastor for several years. In 1896 he moved to Campbell County, SD where he lived until about four years ago (1912) when he came here to make his home with his son.

Eleven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas of whom nine are still living; Nancy of Allegany, Mich, Samantha (Mattie) Emerett in Alberta Canada, Emma in Montana, and Moses Kitchell Thomas of Lyman, Wis., Francis Marion of Midland SD, Solomon Winename of Glennon, SD, George Benjamin of Aberdeen, SD, William Clinton of Huron, SD and Thomas Monroe Thomas of Carter, SD. Also one sister who is 80 years old survives him and makes her home with CH (..illegible..)  thirty great-grandchildren.

The long and useful life of Solomon S Thomas is ended leaving its impression on the world in extraordinary measure. He was a pioneer, farmer, and preacher in three states, self-educated and commissioned a minister of the gospel, studied and practiced medicine, served his country as a soldier in the civil war, reared a larger family, and lived to see them grow up and raise families of their own. He never would accept any compensation for his services as minister nor for any aid he rendered to the sick. It was a labor of love and a duty with him and he was always ready to serve when needed. His life is truly an inspiration of good works well done.

Funeral services were held from the home of TM Thomas. Revered JB Keepers officiating. Interment made at the Winner SD cemetery.”

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SOLOMON SCOTT THOMAS OBITUARY SOURCE: Ramona Mailley EMAIL: mailley@JNLK.com Aug 2001

"Solomon S. Thomas born Covington, KY, 2/26/1826 and died at his son Thomas Monroe Thomas' home Carter, South Dakota, June 21, 1916 age 90 years 3 months 26 days. Mr. Thomas with his parents moved to Indiana when 4 months old, settling on a farm near Indianapolis in 1848, at age 22 he married, Martha Clark Scott. Soon after moved to Richland County, Wisconsin. During Civil War he enlisted in Company D 32nd Wisconsin volunteer infantry. He served about 1 year and was with Sherman in his famous march to the sea. After the war he returned to Wisconsin and resumed his occupation of farmer/preacher, being an ordained minister of the Baptist church.

In March 26, 1872 his wife died leaving a large family. Mr. Thomas came to South Dakota in July 1876, settling on a homestead in Lake County in that year and acted as a pastor for several years. In 1898 he moved to Walworth County South Dakota where he lived until about 4 years ago(1912), when he went to live with T.M. Thomas. Survived by 11 Children, 9 still living, 42 grandchildren, 30 great grandchildren. Interment is at Winner, South Dakota.

The Thomas clan originally from Virginia, then to Kentucky where Solomon S. was born then to Indiana a short time then to Wisconsin. Solomon S. Thomas' mother had 2 sisters who were married to famous people, one to Gen. Winfield Scott and the other to Jefferson Davis."

MILITARY:

The remainder of this document shows records having to do with the service of Solomon Scott Thomas and the unit when belonged to.

UNION WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS

32nd Regiment, Company D, Wisconsin Infantry

Organized at Oshkosh, Wis., Sep 25, 1862.  Solomon Scott Thomas joined Sept 21, 1864. 

Mustered out June 12, 1865.

He was part of the following:

Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama Sep 29-Nov 3.

March to the sea Nov 15-Dec 10. 

Harrison's Field and Montieth Swamp Dec 9. 

Siege of Savannah Dec 10-21. 

Campaign of the Carolinas Jan to Apr 1865. 

Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River Jan 20. Salkehatchie Swamps , Feb 2-5.

Rivers' and Broxton Bridges, Salkehatchie River, Feb 2. 

Rivers' Bridge, South Edisto River, Feb 3. 

Binnaker's Bridge, South Edisto River, Feb 9. 

Orangeburg Feb 11-12. 

Columbia Feb 16-17. 

Averysboro, N. C., Mar 16. 

Battle of Bentonville, Mar 19-21. 

Occupation of Goldsboro, Mar 24. 

Advance on Raleigh Apr 10-14. 

Occupation of Raleigh Apr 14. 

Surrender of Johnston and his army at Bennett's Place Apr 17-26. 

March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. 

Grand Review May 24. 

Mustered out June 12, 1865.

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Enlist Date: 21 September 1864 State: Wisconsin Solomon Thomas

Residence: Stark, Wisconsin Occupation:

Service Record:

Enlisted as a Private on 21 September 1864 Drafted in Company D, 32nd Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 21 September 1864. Mustered out Company D, 32nd Infantry Regiment Wisconsin on 12 June 1865 in Crystal Springs, MD

Regimental History
Thirty-second Infantry
WISCONSIN
(3-YEARS)

Thirty-second Infantry. -- Cols., James H. Howe, Charles H. De Groat Lieut.- Cols., William A. Bugh, Abel B. Smedley, Charles H. De Groat Joseph H. Carlton; Majs., Abel B. Smedley, Charles H. De Groat, Joseph H. Carlton, William S. Burrows.

This regiment was organized at Camp Bragg, Oshkosh, was mustered in Sept. 25, 1862, and left the state Oct. 30. It reached Memphis on Nov. 3, and joined Sherman's movement toward Vicksburg, but returned late in Jan. 1863, the surrender of Holly Springs defeating the object of the expedition.

The regiment acted as provost guard at Memphis until November, then moved to LaGrange reached Moscow Dec. 3, just in time to repulse the enemy's attack on Hatch's cavalry; was sent to Vicksburg in Jan., 1864, where it was attached to the 2nd brigade, 4th division, 16th corps, and took part in the Meridian expedition.

It held a pontoon bridge at Jackson until the troops had passed and then destroyed it. The regiment was attacked in February by a brigade of Confederate cavalry, while destroying the Mobile & Ohio railroad, but it repulsed the attack handsomely.

It returned to Vicksburg in March, thence to Memphis Tenn., Cairo, IL, and Paducah, Ky.; up the Tennessee river, 200 miles, to Crump's Landing; thence across Tennessee to Decatur, Ala., where it was attached to the 3rd brigade, and was engaged in guard duty and building fortifications.

Cos. A, C, D and F. with a small additional force, engaged in a sharp skirmish with a large body of the enemy in May and was compelled to fall back. The following day the brigade, with artillery and cavalry, followed the enemy for 7 miles. The regiment, which was in the advance, met a portion of the enemy
 and drove them to their main force, where by an impetuous charge, the Federals completely routed them.

The regiment also dispersed a small body near Courtland and then returned to camp. It was attacked by a superior force while guarding a wagon train at Courtland in July, but repulsed the enemy repeatedly, bringing the train safely into camp. The following day it was engaged in the action that forced the enemy from his works near Courtland.

It then joined Sherman's army in the siege of Atlanta, was constantly under fire until Aug. 24, and it was in the battle of Jonesboro. It was transferred to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 17th corps, and was on picket and guard duty until October at East Point. It then moved to Atlanta and in November joined the march toward Savannah, destroying railroads and public property and skirmishing at the Little Ogeechee and Marlow.

It remained in the vicinity of Savannah until Jan. 3, 1865, when the campaign of the Carolinas was commenced. It forced the enemy from his works at Rivers' bridge after an all day's struggle, losing 51 men. It repeated this at Binnaker's bridge and on March 3 drove the enemy back to his main line at Cheraw.

It was in the heavy skirmish work at the Cane Fear River and at Bentonville it advanced through a swamp, charged with the 1st division and captured the enemy's works. It was in the general movement to Richmond, participated in the grand review at Washington, and was mustered out at Crystal Springs June
 12, 1865.

Col. Tillson, brigade commander, said that since the war commenced he "had not seen a body of men that, in point of discipline and efficiency, excelled, and very few that equaled the 32d Wis."

Its original strength was 993. Gain by recruits, 381; draft, 100; total, 1,474. Loss by death, 275; desertion, 58; transfer 27; discharge 189 mustered out, 925.

source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 65

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4 Battles Fought

Fought at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 23 June 1863 at Wolf River Bridge, TN
Fought on 24 February 1864 at Hillsboro, MS
Fought on 24 February 1864 at Meridian Expedition.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Courtland, AL
Fought on 24 July 1864 at Decatur, AL
Fought on 24 July 1864 at Pond Springs, AL
Fought on 25 July 1864 at Decatur, AL
Fought on 27 July 1864 at Courtland, AL
Fought on 08 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 10 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 12 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 14 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 15 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 16 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 17 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 18 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 19 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 21 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 26 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 31 August 1864 at Jonesboro, GA
Fought on 01 September 1864 at Atlanta, GA
Fought on 09 December 1864 at Savannah, GA
Fought on 03 February 1865 at Rivers' Bridge, SC
Fought on 03 February 1865 at Salkehatchie, SC
Fought on 09 February 1865 at Edisto Island, SC
Fought on 01 March 1865 at Cheraw, SC
Fought on 02 March 1865 at Cheraw, SC
Fought on 12 March 1865 at Fayetteville, NC
 
Fought on 13 March 1865 at Cape Fear River, SC
Fought on 16 March 1865.
Fought on 21 March 1865 at Bentonville, NC
Fought on 22 March 1865 at Bentonville, NC

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